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Earthenware blancmange mould with conopus vase relief - c.1811

Earthernware blancmange mould with conopus vase relief, © Wedgwood Museum
    Earthernware blancmange mould with conopus vase relief
    © Wedgwood Museum

Blancmange mould with canopus vase relief. Earthenware c. 1811

Blancmange mould with canopus vase relief. Earthenware c. 1811

  • Type of object: Useful ware/jelly mould
  • Mark: Unmarked
  • Year produced: c.1811
  • Body: Queen's ware, cream-coloured earthenware
  • Material: ceramic
  • Decoration: moulded
  • Accession number: 3659

Glossary

  • Earthenware

    Earthenware

    Fine-quality earthenwares are white or off-white in colour. Since the middle of the eighteenth century earthenware has contained calcined flint. This gives the ceramic both strength and its lightness of colour. Earthenware is sometimes referred to as cream-coloured earthenware. Since Josiah Wedgwood received the patronage of Queen Charlotte in 1765 Wedgwood cream-coloured earthenwares have been called Queen’s ware.

  • Cream-coloured earthenware

    Cream-coloured earthenware

    Cream-coloured earthenware was first produced in Staffordshire some time between 1730 and 1740. The principal ingredients were white-firing clay and ground flint, the flint being used to increase the whiteness and strength of the composition. The result was a durable body, varying in tone from buff to a deep cream colour, which required the application of a clear lead glaze and a second firing to make it impervious to liquids.

    Wedgwood carried out an enormous number of trials to perfect the cream-coloured earthenware body. He commenced work whilst still in partnership with Thomas Whieldon in Fenton, although his first really successful creamware was produced at his Ivy House Works after 1759. It is probable that creamware was amongst the first of Wedgwood's productions as an independent manufacturer.

    The approbation of Queen Charlotte in 1765 permitting Wedgwood to rename his creamware ‘Queen's ware', and style himself ‘Potter to Her Majesty' brought his earthenware to the notice of the population. On the 7th March 1774 Josiah wrote to Thomas Bentley that "The cream colour is of a superior class, & I trust has not yet run its race by many degrees..." The popularity of Wedgwood's Queen's ware throughout the Twentieth Century and into the Twenty-First Century suggests Josiah was correct.

     

  • Queen’s ware

    Queen’s ware

    In 1765 Wedgwood provided a tea and coffee service to Her Majesty Queen Charlotte (wife of George III) in the new earthenware body he had recently perfected. She was so pleased with the set that she not only allowed Josiah to style himself ‘Potter to Her Majesty’, she also allowed him to call his new earthenware ‘Queen’s ware’ - a name by which Wedgwood’s cream coloured earthenware is still known today.