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Intaglio mould depicting Maria I, Queen of Portugal - 1784

Intaglio mould depicting Maria I, Queen of Portugal
    Intaglio mould depicting Maria I, Queen of Portugal

Wedgwood and Bentley, biscuit ware intaglio mould, depicting Maria I, Queen of Portugal. The design of the Intaglio is taken from an original model by John Flaxman in 1784.

Wedgwood and Bentley, biscuit ware intaglio mould, depicting Maria I, Queen of Portugal. The design of the Intaglio is taken from an original model by John Flaxman in 1784.The intaglios taken from this mould were not advertised in Wedgwood and Bentley's catalogues, so an exact date of manufacture is unknown. However they must post-date Flaxman's creation of the design in 1784.

  • Type of object: Manufacturing paraphernalia and miscellany/mould
  • Mark: (Unmarked)
  • Year produced: 1784
  • Body: agate
  • Glaze: unglazed
  • Material: ceramic
  • Accession number: 1019
  • Dimensions: 37 mm (length), 34 mm (width), 12 mm (depth)

Related people

  • John Flaxman Jnr RA Modeller

    John Flaxman Jnr RA - Modeller (1754 - 1825)

    English sculptor, and designer, born in York, the son of a modeller and maker of plaster casts. The family moved to Covent Garden, London in 1756. In 1766 at the age of 11 Flaxman Jnr won a premium from the Society of Arts, now the Royal Society of Arts, enrolling three years later as one of the first students of the newly founded Royal Academy Schools. He exhibited for the first time at the Academy in 1770, and had come to the attention of the founder of the Wedgwood company, Josiah I himself, in 1771. By 1775 Flaxman Jnr had commenced to provide models and designs to the Wedgwood factory. Flaxman at Wedgwood’s behest went to Rome in 1787, where he remained, studying classical architecture and arts until 1794. During this period Flaxman supplied many important designs to Wedgwood. Amongst these can be numbered the famous ‘Apotheosis of Homer’ relief and vase; ‘Hercules in the Garden of Hesperides’; various bust subjects including Mercury, as well as the Josiah Wedgwood memorial in St Peter ad Vincula, Stoke-on-Trent’s parish church. Flaxman also supplied a huge range of portrait medallions and smaller sized bas reliefs for use by the firm.

  • Maria I, Queen of Portugal Subject

    Maria I, Queen of Portugal - Subject (1734 - 1816)

    Born in Lisbon in 1734, Maria became the first undisputed Queen of Portugal and the Algarves in 1777. Her husband became her co-ruler as Peter III, but the power always remained with Maria. She was a good ruler prior to her madness, which became officially noticed in 1786. Maria suffered from religious mania and melancholia, which made her incapable of handling state affairs after 1792. Queen Maria died in Rio de Janeiro - aged 81 - in 1816, and as her husband had pre-deceased her, her son Prince Regent Joao succeeded her.

Glossary

  • Intaglio

    Intaglio

    An Italian term meaning a design created by incising and carving below the surface, which is flat and even, and the opposite of a cameo where the design is in relief. Wedgwood made intaglios in basalts and various coloured dry bodies for use as seals, either mounted in holders or in signet rings. Those intended for mounting in holders could be purchased with shanks for the purpose.

    Early intaglios were polished. They were impressed with the catalogue number, as well as the initials 'W & B' or (after Bentley's death in 1780) 'Wedgwood'. About 1,700 different subjects were available, most of them also to be had in cameo form. They could be obtained in double form, mounted back - to - back, or mounted similarly in conjunction with a cameo of the same size. As in the case of cameos production started in 1771, and to have been well established by 1772.  

  • Catalogues

    Catalogues

    The Wedgwood factory issued both useful ware catalogues, and ornamental ware catalogues. The useful ware catalogues featured items made of cream-coloured earthenware. The ornamental ware catalogues listed cameos, portrait medallions, busts and figures.