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Portrait Medallion depicting Maria I, Queen of Portugal - c.1787-1795

Portrait Medallion depicting Maria I, Queen of Portugal, © The Wedgwood museum
    Portrait Medallion depicting Maria I, Queen of Portugal
    © The Wedgwood museum

Portrait medallion depicting Maria I, Queen of Portugal in white on blue-dipped jasper. The portrait dates from the late 1780s and this item is of a similar age. Originally this portrait was attributed to John Flaxman Jnr, but the attribution has since changed to John Charles Lochee on reasons of style.

Portrait medallion depicting Maria I, Queen of Portugal in white on blue-dipped jasper. The portrait dates from the late 1780s and this item is of a similar age. Originally this portrait was attributed to John Flaxman Jnr, but the attribution has since changed to John Charles Lochee on reasons of style. As an early piece with deep ornamentation the reverse of the medallion features two firing holes. These would have promoted even firing of the piece and lessened the possibility of it being lost in the kiln. The medallion did not feature in the Wedgwood and Bentley Catalogues but is c.1787-1795.

  • Type of object: Plaques and medallions/portrait medallion
  • Mark: WEDGWOOD
    [Impressed]
  • Year produced: c.1787-1795
  • Body: Jasper
  • Material: ceramic
  • Decoration: dipped
  • Accession number: 13798
  • Dimensions: 110 mm (length), 80 mm (width), 13 mm (approximate depth)

Other images

Related people

  • Maria I, Queen of Portugal Subject

    Maria I, Queen of Portugal - Subject (1734 - 1816)

    Born in Lisbon in 1734, Maria became the first undisputed Queen of Portugal and the Algarves in 1777. Her husband became her co-ruler as Peter III, but the power always remained with Maria. She was a good ruler prior to her madness, which became officially noticed in 1786. Maria suffered from religious mania and melancholia, which made her incapable of handling state affairs after 1792. Queen Maria died in Rio de Janeiro - aged 81 - in 1816, and as her husband had pre-deceased her, her son Prince Regent Joao succeeded her.

  • John Flaxman Jnr RA Formerly attributed to

    John Flaxman Jnr RA - Formerly attributed to (1754 - 1825)

    English sculptor, and designer, born in York, the son of a modeller and maker of plaster casts. The family moved to Covent Garden, London in 1756. In 1766 at the age of 11 Flaxman Jnr won a premium from the Society of Arts, now the Royal Society of Arts, enrolling three years later as one of the first students of the newly founded Royal Academy Schools. He exhibited for the first time at the Academy in 1770, and had come to the attention of the founder of the Wedgwood company, Josiah I himself, in 1771. By 1775 Flaxman Jnr had commenced to provide models and designs to the Wedgwood factory. Flaxman at Wedgwood’s behest went to Rome in 1787, where he remained, studying classical architecture and arts until 1794. During this period Flaxman supplied many important designs to Wedgwood. Amongst these can be numbered the famous ‘Apotheosis of Homer’ relief and vase; ‘Hercules in the Garden of Hesperides’; various bust subjects including Mercury, as well as the Josiah Wedgwood memorial in St Peter ad Vincula, Stoke-on-Trent’s parish church. Flaxman also supplied a huge range of portrait medallions and smaller sized bas reliefs for use by the firm.

  • John Charles Lochee

    John Charles Lochee

    Born in 1751, John Charles Lochee was a sculptor awarded a silver medal in 1772 by the Royal Academy. He began working for Wedgwood in 1774.

Glossary

  • Portrait Medallion

    Portrait Medallion

     

    A medallion, either circular or oval, made usually from black basalt or jasper, which features a head or head and shoulders study, rather than a relief of a classical nature.

  • Dip

    Dip

    A layer applied to the surface of the white jasper body using coloured slip - as opposed to a ‘solid' jasper body where the same colour permeates throughout the entire ceramic medium.